Henri-Edmond Cross was a French painter and printmaker. He is most acclaimed as a master of Neo-Impressionism, a short-lived avant-garde movement in the late nineteenth century which emphasized the use of separate touches of interwoven pigment to achieve greater vibrancy of color in the observer鈥檚 eye. He played an important role in shaping the second phase of that movement. He was a significant influence on Henri Matisse and many other artists. His work was instrumental in the development of Fauvism.