In Pines Along the Shore, painted in the south of France overlooking the Mediterranean, Cross weaves and layers separate brushstrokes, building his paint surface in a tapestry-like fashion from cool tones on the pine grove floor to brilliant foliage at the water edge to softer hues in the sky and mountains beyond.
Henri-Edmond Cross was a French painter and printmaker. He is most acclaimed as a master of Neo-Impressionism, a short-lived avant-garde movement in the late nineteenth century that emphasized the use of separate touches of interwoven pigment to achieve the greater vibrancy of color in the observer's eye. He played an important role in shaping the second phase of that movement. He was a significant influence on Henri Matisse and many other artists. His work was instrumental in the development of Fauvism.